Fiber optics, or optical fibers, have revolutionized the digital medial world. These cables are made using incredibly pure, long, thin strands of glass that are usually no bigger than the cross section of a human hair. When bundled together, these fiber optics can be used to efficiently transfer light signals across long distances.
The Anatomy of a Fiber Optic Cable
Optical fibers are made up of the glass core, a cladding that surrounds the core and a buffer coating of plastic that keeps the fiber safe from moisture and damage. Hundreds or thousands of these fibers are bundled together in a jacket, the outer covering, to create just one optical cable.
How Optical Transmission of Data Works
When your home internet is transmitting data on a fiber optic network, it is acting completely using light pulses. Light signals travel through the cable, bouncing off the cladding, which completely reflects the light through a principle known as total internal reflection.
What Fiber Optics Means for You
At Pioneer Communications, we employ fiber optic technology that allows us to transmit up to 50 megabits per second on systems with potentially unlimited bandwidth. This directly translates to much faster upload and download speeds without the degradation seen by copper media when used over long distances.